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Referencing & Avoiding Plagiarism


Reference Management

MLA Referencing Style

If you have questions about reference formats, please contact us with your query using the Query form on the guide, or email  us at You should also consult your lecturer and refer to your departmental handbook MLA Style Guide.

Book Journal Article Newspaper Conference Paper Thesis/Dissertation
Official Report Website Online Image Online Video Social Media Post
Film/Documentary Podcast  



Author surname, First Name. Title of Book. City of Publication, Publisher, Publication Date.

Conference Paper

Author surname, First Name. “Conference Paper Title.” Conference Title that Includes Conference Date and Location, edited by Conference Editor (if applicable), Publisher, Date of Publication.


Author/Creator. "Name of page". Name of website, URL. Access date.

Social Media Post

Author/Creator or @username. "Tweet/caption/title of post." Name of platform, Date posted, Time posted, URL.  

Journal Article

Author surname, First name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages.


Author Surname, First name. Title of work. Year. Name of institution, Type of degree.

Online Image

Author/Creator. "Title of image." Name of website, Contributer(s), Date published, URL. 


Name of film. Name of director(s), Name of main performer(s), Name of studio, Year.


Author surname, First name. "Title of article". Name of newspaper, Date, Page/section number.

Official Report

Author/department/institution. Title of report. Report number, Publisher, Year.

Online Video

Author/Creator. "Name of video". Name of platform, Name of uploader, Date uploaded, URL.


"Title of episode." Name of series from Contributor, Date published, URL.