Turnitin is a system that can help with managing the online submission of assignments and coursework. It allows students and lecturers to check submitted pieces of writing for unclear referencing, citation issues, or potential instances of plagiarism. At Maynooth University Turnitin is accessed through Moodle, our virtual learning environment (VLE).
In academic writing, it is important to keep track of where ideas are coming from. Together, we should all be contributing to a body of knowledge. But taking other people's ideas without giving them credit isn't contributing, it's plagiarism!
It is when you rewrite a text into your own words. It is used to clarify a meaning or shorten a statement. There is no need for quotation marks. But you will still need a citation and reference.
Don't run the risk of Internet plagiarism! Just because something is freely available on the internet does not make it common knowledge and exempt from citation.
Example 1: The sky is blue, is common knowledge and you do not need to reference.
Example 2: Maynooth University has sustained its place in the top 100 global universities under 50 years old is not common knowledge and would need to be referenced.
When in doubt, cite!!
Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg (Germany) Field: Political Science : In February 2011 it was discovered that Guttenberg's thesis contained texts of other authors without citation. This led to plagiarism accusations against Guttenberg. Guttenberg denied any plagiarism, but asked the University of Bayreuth to revoke his title, admitting "severe errors in workmanship".
Bruno Frey (Switzerland) Field; Economics. In 2011, Frey was criticised for and admitted to self-plagiarism.
Danut Marcu (Romania) (Field: Mathematics)a Romanian mathematician and computer scientist, who was banned from several journals due to plagiarism. He had submitted a manuscript which was more-or-less word for word the same as a paper written by another author.