Peer review refers to a process of evaluation undertaken by those working in the same field or profession. Various different forms of peer review are used by journals and publishers, so make sure to check which form applies before you submit your manuscript.
- Single blind peer review is when the identity of the reviewer(s) is kept anonymous, but the author's name and affiliation is identified on the manuscript.
- •Double blind peer review is when the identities of the reviewers and the authors are both anonymized.
- •Open peer review is when the identities of the reviewer and authors are both made known.
Each form of peer review has advantages and disadvantages, but the form and process of peer review utilized should be clearly stated on the publisher's or journal's website in a transparent manner.